Saturday, May 31, 2014

John Hoeffel in DC says goodbye to Los Angeles Times

From: Hoeffel, John
Sent: Friday, May 30, 2014 4:02 PM
To: yyeditall
Subject: signing off

It’s been a great honor to work in Los Angeles (twice) and Washington (twice) with breathtakingly talented colleagues whose smarts, drive, humor and heart are unmatched.
I learned more than I could ever recount about newspapering and life, and had more fun than should ever be allowed in an office.
Thank you for an amazing decade. Keep up the brilliant and astonishing work. I’ll be reading. Avidly.
John Hoeffel

Why do journalists remember nasty editors fondly?

Why do journalists remember nasty editors fondly?

Today in Labor History

2014.05.26history-rose-will-monroeThe Johnstown Flood.  More than 2,200 die when a dam holding back a private resort lake burst upstream of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.  The resort was owned by wealthy industrialists including Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick.  Neither they nor any other members of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club were found guilty of fault, despite the fact the group had created the lake out of an abandoned reservoir – 1889
Some 25,000 white autoworkers walk off the job at a Detroit Packard Motor Car Co. plant, heavily involved in wartime production, when three black workers are promoted to work on a previously all-white assembly line.  The black workers were relocated and the whites returned - 1943
Rose Will Monroe, popularly known as Rosie the Riveter, dies in Clarksville, Ind.  During WWII she helped bring women into the labor force - 1997

Friday, May 30, 2014

One year after 28 Sun-Times photojournalists were laid off, where are they now?

One year after 28 Sun-Times photojournalists were laid off, where are they now?

Working More to Earn Less | Why the Poor Stay Poor | Learn Liberty

You may have heard the term "poverty trap" -- the notion that the poor are stuck at the bottom. What if someone told you that our welfare system exacerbates this cycle by punishing the poor for working more? Prof. Sean Mulholland argues that this is happening every day. Well-intentioned welfare programs drastically decrease benefits at certain income thresholds—which in effect can make a breadwinner and his/her family worse off when they start earning more. Sound absurd? That's because it is.

Through the Lens of a Child - Photo Exhibit

On June 22 at the Museum of African-American Arts in the Crenshaw mall on the third floor of Macy’s. The Inglewood Pacific links chapter of the links incorporated in conjunction with Minority Photo/Journalism Institute (MPJI) will be holding its fourth annual photo exhibit featuring the work of students in the Inglewood Pacific links chapter arts facet program entitled “through the lens of a child”
You’re all invited to come and see the magnificent work of this year’s class of young men. In keeping with the program and President Obama established early this year mentoring young black males. We have seven young man who captured something magnificent images.
I’m asking all my friends to come out on June 22, 2:00 to 4:00 pm to support these young men and show them that there are those out there who understand what they go through each day and care about their success!

BBC misses weather forecast for first time in 90 years, apocalypse feared

BBC misses weather forecast for first time in 90 years, apocalypse feared


While reading the book "Labor's Giant Step" by Art Preis. I heard of these terrible murders. And the murders of such a brave group of workers won't go untold around here. This is a video every union worker needs to witness in order to appreciate a little of what our elders went through to build what we have today. And maybe it will give us an idea of what it will take to keep our unions together in the last days of capitalism. I think gas masks and riot shields will be absolutely necessary to hold a picket.

Today in Labor History

The Ford Motor Company signs a "Technical Assistance" contract to produce cars in the Soviet Union, and Ford workers were2014.05.26history-bye-america-bookcoversent to the Soviet Union to train the labor force in the use of its parts. Many American workers who made the trip, including Walter Reuther, a tool and die maker who later was to become the UAW's president,  returned home with a different view of the duties and privileges of the industrial laborer – 1929
(Bye, America: The transfer of work to other countries has escalated since Reuther’s day.  In this book, young readers learn that their contemporary, Brady, is proud of his dad and wants to be just like him, working at the factory and making useful things. But that dream dies when his dad goes to work one day and is told that the factory is closing and the work is being sent to China.)
In what became known as the Memorial Day Massacre, police open fire on striking steelworkers at Republic Steel in South Chicago, killing ten and wounding more than 160 - 1937
The Ground Zero cleanup at the site of the World Trade Center is completed three months ahead of schedule due to the heroic efforts of more than 3,000 building tradesmen and women who had worked 12 hours a day, seven days a week for the previous eight months - 2002

Thursday, May 29, 2014

You can be a voluntourist journalist in Ghana

You can be a voluntourist journalist in Ghana

Tony Anthony Direct from Skid Row Los Angeles - Photo Blog

As a regular volunteer on Skid Row I have had the pleasure of meeting many interesting men and women, Tony Anthony lives and works on Skid Row, which means he's well know by the residents and police as a familiar face. I have worked with Mr. Anthony several times giving away food and cleaning the dirty streets of Skid Row, and was amazed that so many recognized this caring soul.

 I'm considered a shutter bug and enjoy capturing scenes where ever I might be, on Skid Row I learned very quickly that many become irate when their image is captured, ask any photographer regarding their experience on Skid Row, and many will reveal some rather scary incidences with the residents.

While in the presence of Mr. Anthony no one complained, and most even produced smiles while I snapped away.

If you plan to visit Skid Row I highly suggest hiring Mr. Anthony as your guide, you will be able to capture what Skid Row actually looks like, in safety.

To contact Tony Anthony visit his blog: REALITY CHECK

Print still attracts more advertising than it deserves, Mary Meeker says

Print still attracts more advertising than it deserves, Mary Meeker says

Thursday Morning in the Blogosphere

Maya Angelou front pages: ‘Beyond Words’ - Poynter

Summing up the firing of Jill Abramson - The New Yorker

Reader revenue and the great newspaper ad bubble - CJR

Obama holds private lunch with foreign policy journalists - Politico

Prometheus Global Media to Acquire Mediabistro - Fishbowl NY

A Graphical View of Newspaper Innovation - Newspaper Death Watch

Tribune puts North Side riverfront space on market - Chicago Real Estate

Speed reading software to revolutionise the way we read news - Editors Weblog

Dean Baquet as the New York Times’ first black executive editor - Pew Research

Fox affiliate lets viewers know that Maya Angelou will not be in Houston  - Romenesko

Summer Day Camp Los Angeles

Today in Labor History

Animators working for Walt Disney begin what was to become a successful 5-week strike for recognition of their union, the Screen Cartoonists' Guild. The animated feature Dumbo was being created at the time and, according to Wikipedia, a number of strikers are caricatured in the feature as clowns who go to "hit the big boss for a raise" - 1941
A contract between the United Mine Workers and the U.S. government establishes one of the nation's first union medical and pension plans, the multi-employer UMWA Welfare and Retirement Fund - 1946
The United Farm Workers of America reaches agreement with Bruce Church Inc. on a contract for 450 lettuce harvesters, ending a 17-year-long boycott. The pact raised wages, provided company-paid health benefits to workers and their families, created a seniority system to deal with seasonal layoffs and recalls, and established a pesticide monitoring system – 1996
UAW members at General Motors accept major contract concessions in return for 17.5 percent stake in the financially struggling company - 2009
May 28
The Ladies Shoe Binders Society formed in New York - 1835
Fifteen women were dismissed from their jobs at the Curtis Publishing Company in Philadelphia for dancing the Turkey Trot.  They were on their lunch break, but management thought the dance too racy – 19122014.05.26history-rochester-gen-strike2
At least 30,000 workers in Rochester, N.Y., participate in a general strike in support of municipal workers who had been fired for forming a union - 1946
May 27
The U.S. Supreme Court declares the Depression-era National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional, about a month before it was set to expire – 1935
The CIO-affiliated Insurance Workers of America merges with its AFL counterpart, the Insurance Agents International Union to form the Insurance Workers International Union.  The union later became part of the United Food and Commercial Workers - 1959

Monday, May 26, 2014

Today in Labor History

Men and women weavers in Pawtucket, R.I., stage nation's first "co-ed" strike - 1824
Western Federation of Miners members strike for 8-hour day, Cripple Creek, Colo. - 18942014.05.26history-coping-bookcover
Actors’ Equity Assn. is founded by 112 actors at a meeting in New York City’s Pabst Grand Circle Hotel.  Producer George M. Cohan responds: “I will drive an elevator for a living before I will do business with any actors’ union.”  Later a sign will appear in Times Square reading: “Elevator operator wanted.  George M. Cohan need not apply" – 1913
(Mr. Cohan could have been considered a “difficult” person—someone who makes life hell.  Difficult people are all around us, but there are ways we can cope!  Based on fourteen years of research and observation,Coping with Difficult People offers proven, effective techniques guaranteed to help you right the balance in bad relationships and take charge of your life.)
IWW Marine Transport Workers strike, Philadelphia - 1920
Some 100,000 steel workers and miners, in mines owned by steel companies, strike in seven states.  The Memorial Day Massacre, in which ten strikers were killed by police at Republic Steel in Chicago, took place four days later, on May 30 - 1937
2014.05.26history-overpassFord Motor Co. security guards attack union organizers and supporters attempting to distribute literature outside the plant in Dearborn, Mich., in an event that was to become known as the “Battle of the Overpass.” The guards tried to destroy any photos showing the attack, but some survived—and inspired the Pulitzer committee to establish a prize for photography – 1937

Never Forget Memorial Day 2014

Today at 3 p.m., your local time, join VA and Americans everywhere for the Memorial Day National Moment of Remembrance. Please pause with us and others across the nation, in unity and gratitude, for the heroes who gave their lives to defend our nation.

Memorial Day: Why We Remember

Memorial Day is a US federal holiday wherein those who died during their service in the United States Armed Forces are remembered.

This video portrays the oath of enlistment every Marine takes before earning their Eagle, Globe and Anchor and shows the sacrifices they make on the battle field to keep that oath.

Sunday, May 25, 2014

Today in Labor History

May 25  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Pressured by employers, striking shoemakers in Philadelphia are arrested and charged with criminal conspiracy for violating an English common law that bars schemes aimed at forcing wage increases. The strike was broken - 1805

Philip Murray is born in Scotland. He went on to emigrate to the U.S., become founder and first president of the United Steelworkers of America, and head of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) from 1940 until his death in 1952 - 1886

Two company houses occupied by non-union coal miners are blown up and destroyed during a strike against the Glendale Gas & Coal Co. in Wheeling, W. Va. - 1925

Thousands of unemployed WWI veterans arrive in Washington, D.C., to demand early payment of a bonus they had been told would get, but not until 1945. They built a shantytown near the U.S. Capitol but were burned out by U.S. troops after two months - 1932

The notorious 11-month Remington Rand strike begins. The strike spawned the "Mohawk Valley (N.Y.) formula," described by2014.05.19history-agitate-bookcoverinvestigators as a corporate plan to discredit union leaders, frighten the public with the threat of violence, employ thugs to beat up strikers, and other tactics. The National Labor Relations Board termed the formula "a battle plan for industrial war" - 1936
(Agitate! Educate! Organize! American Labor Posters: Art has often been used to depict labor’s position in times of conflict.  In Agitate! Educate! Organize!, Lincoln Cushing and Timothy W. Drescher share their vast knowledge about the rich graphic tradition of labor posters. Here you will find lavish full-color reproductions of more than 250 of the best posters that have emerged from the American labor movement on topics ranging from core issues such as wages and working conditions to discrimination to international solidarity.)

The AFL-CIO begins what is to become an unsuccessful campaign for a 35-hour workweek, with the goal of reducing unemployment. Earlier tries by organized labor for 32- or 35-hour weeks also failed - 1962

Saturday, May 24, 2014

Time adds tiny ads on the cover

Time adds tiny ads on the cover

Have Smart Phones Replaced Newspapers?

A short video based on media statistics of Australia outlining the relationship between the use of newspapers and smart phones.

Mexican newspaper prints headlines on paper towels

Mexican newspaper prints headlines on paper towels

Today in Labor History

2014.05.19history-brooklyn-bridgeMay 24 - Union Communications Services, Inc.

After 14 years of construction and the deaths of 27 workers, the Brooklyn Bridge over New York’s East River opens. Newspapers call it “the eighth wonder of the world” - 1883

Some 2,300 members of the United Rubber Workers, on strike for 10 months against five Bridgestone-Firestone plants, agree to return to work without a contract. They had been fighting demands for 12-hour shifts and wage increases tied to productivity gains - 1995

Friday, May 23, 2014

Prisoners can read banned issue of St. Louis Magazine after appeal

Prisoners can read banned issue of St. Louis Magazine after appeal

LA Cowboy: Two (or 3!) Walking Tours of Historic Downtown Los Angeles This Memorial Day Weekend - Starting at The Last Bookstore.

LA Cowboy: Two (or 3!) Walking Tours of Historic Downtown Los Angeles This Memorial Day Weekend - Starting at The Last Bookstore.

Friday Morning in the Blogosphere

Forty year Los Angeles Times employee Martin Conboy 
is doing well and misses his colleagues at the newspaper

The newspaper business - The Economist

Why is innovation so hard for newspapers? - Washington Post

Boss to BBC staff on social media: ‘Don’t do anything stupid’ - Poynter

Modern technology brings old newspapers back to life - Daily Advertiser

Another journalist killed as violence grips the Philippines - Editors Weblog

Tribune Co. looks for partner to develop Port Covington parcels - Baltimore Sun

Custom Cartoons and Humorous Illustrations Services Provided - Dan's Cartoons

Traditional UAE newspapers to be extinct by 2028, says expert - Arabian Business

(Unsurprising) STUDY: We Don't Read Newspapers Like We Used To - Mediabistro

Newspaper innovation! The sticker ad that’s actually printed on the paper - Romenesko

Today in Labor History

May 23  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

An estimated 100,000 textile workers, including more than 10,000 c2014.05.19history-battle-toledohildren, strike in the Philadelphia area. Among the issues: 60-hour workweeks, including night hours, for the children - 1903

The Battle of Toledo begins today: a five-day running battle between roughly 6,000 strikers at the Electric Auto-Lite company of Toledo, Ohio, and 1,300 members of the Ohio National Guard. Two strikers died and more than 200 were injured. The battle began in the sixth week of what ultimately became a successful two-month fight for union recognition and higher pay. One guardsman told a Toledo Bladereporter: "Our high school graduation is ... tonight and we were supposed to be getting our diplomas” – 1934

U.S. railroad strike starts, later crushed when President Truman threatens to draft strikers - 1946

The Granite Cutters Int’l Association of America merges with Tile, Marble, Terrazzo, Finishers & Shopmen, which five years later merged into the Carpenters - 1983

Newspapers are ‘hollowed out’ and ‘VICE is the savior of news,’ says guy from Facebook

Newspapers are ‘hollowed out’ and ‘VICE is the savior of news,’ says guy from Facebook

Tribune Employees here's where you can invest your retirement funds - Patrick Miller

Patrick Miller (on the right) is an award winning broker at New York Life and has many ties to the Los Angeles Times, as many of his family members have worked for the newspaper over the years.

Mr. Miller also cares for retirement funds for many employees of the newspaper, and welcomes your questions regarding where to invest your 401K, ESOP, and collecting your Tribune Retirement.

Patrick D. Miller, CLTC 
Top Producer 2013
MDRT Court of the Table
NAIFA/ Society FSP
Agent of the Year 2013
Top Mutual Fund Producer
Top Life Income Producer
Top Long Term Care Producer
Senior NYLIC (30 Yrs)
Top Producer
Chairman's Council Agent

Patrick Miller, Financial Services Professional 
(818) 662-7527 
(626) 482-7836 
(818) 662-7698 
NYLIFE Securities, LLC 
801 N. Brand Blvd. 
14th Floor 
Glendale, CA 91203 

Thursday, May 22, 2014

Today in Labor History

2014.05.19history-debscross-bookcoverMay 22 - Union Communications Services, Inc.

Eugene V. Debs imprisoned in Woodstock, Ill., for role in Pullman strike - 1895
(The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene V. Debs: Eugene V. Debs was a labor activist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries who captured the heart and soul of the nation’s working people. He was brilliant, sincere, compassionate and scrupulously honest. A founder of one of the nation’s first industrial unions, the American Railway Union, he went on to help launch the Industrial Workers of the World—the Wobblies. A man of firm beliefs and dedication, he ran for President of the United States five times under the banner of the Socialist Party, in 1912 earning 6 percent of the popular vote.)

While white locomotive firemen on the Georgia Railroad strike, blacks who are hired as replacements are whipped and stoned—not by the union men, but by white citizens outraged that blacks are being hired over whites. The Engineers union threatens to stop work because their members are being affected by the violence - 1909

Civil Service Retirement Act of 1920 gives federal workers a pension - 1920

President Lyndon B. Johnson announces the goals of his Great Society social reforms: to bring “an end to poverty and racial injustice” in America - 1964

Wednesday, May 21, 2014

PBS shouldn’t ‘get in the way of reporters or photographers covering news,’ ombudsman says

PBS shouldn’t ‘get in the way of reporters or photographers covering news,’ ombudsman says

Sowing Seeds for Life - Free Food Giveaway Today

Sowing Seeds for Life will be giving away free food from 1:30 to 5:00 pm at 1350 Arrow Highway, La Verne today. The only requirement is you must live in Los Angeles County.

Over 20,000 pounds of food was collected from the La Verne Post Office on May 10th, we will be giving away much of this food this afternoon.

Volunteers always welcome and needed, feel free to join us today.

Is LA's System to Fight Parking Tickets Rigged? - Joel Grover NBC

By Joel Grover

Drivers beware: challenging an unfair parking ticket in Los Angeles could subject you to increased fines, hours of appeals, cancellation of your car registration and threats of a withheld tax refund.
LA's parking ticket dispute system appears designed to get you to pay, rather than fight, an NBC4 I-Team Investigation has found.

How It's Made - Newspapers

Reuters ‘left the little guys to take the rap,’ editor of Thai publication says

Reuters ‘left the little guys to take the rap,’ editor of Thai publication says

Wednesday Morning in the Blogosphere

Congratulations to former Los Angeles Times Employee Victor Banuelos 
on the graduation of his son Adam from the University of Northridge

How the NYT Mismanaged Jillghazi - The Daily Beast

Tribune names new sports, business editors - Robert Feder

Internet news: Slightly more satisfying than the post office - Poynter

Print is not dead, but research needed to dig deep - The Media Online

Canadian Newspapers Going Digital at Postmedia - What's Your Tech

Times' Newsroom Stunned Over Jill Abramson's Abrupt Dismissal - Bill Lucey

Newspaper reporter discovers that he’s allergic to newspaper ink - Romenesko

NYT has worst gender gap of big papers. LAT is in the middle - Washington Post

Inmates' Newspaper Covers a World Behind San Quentin's Walls - New York Times

Arthur Sulzberger’s Interview About the Turmoil at The New York Times - Vanity Fair

Interested in hearing Los Angeles Times correspondent Jeffrey Fleishman speak today?

Join us for an OFS Luncheon will be at noon on Wednesday, May 21st, at Burger Continental Restaurant in Pasadena.
Please use Eventebrite to register. (The Eventbrite service is free; lunch is $20, collected when you arrive. If you have already registered, there is no need to respond to this message.)

Our speaker will be Jeffrey Fleishman, a foreign correspondent for the LA Times for 11 years, including six in Cairo. Late last year he joined the Calendar Arts & Entertainment team in Los Angeles to cover a different locale of intrigue:  Hollywood.
He covered the wars in Kosovo and Iraq, the rise of Al Qaeda and the Arab Spring.Before joining The Times, Jeff was Rome bureau chief for the Philadelphia Inquirer. He was a finalist for the Pulitzer for feature writing, and has written three novels.
We will meet for lunch in the enclosed, air-conditioned back patio of the restaurant.  (Burger Continental was a favorite of Dick Turpin, Tom Johnson and Lou Fleming.)

When you arrive, please have $20 in cash to cover the cost of lunch and a glass of beer or wine.

Again, please register using the Eventbrite link above so we will know how many people will be on hand.


Changes coming to Tribune Company Retirement

By Brett Levy

IMPORTANT NEWS from Bob Rosenblatt on the retirement changes coming next month in regards to the splitting of the Tribune Company:

Rolling over the 401(k) into a personal IRA is a good idea. It gives you direct control of the money, and more choices about how to invest the money.

Vanguard looks like the best place to put the money. The company just began “Voyager” advice, where you can get a personal consultation with a financial adviser if you have $50,000 in a personal Vanguard account. The fee for this is just $250.

Vanguard also has a wide array of mutual funds, typically with the lowest fees of any investment firm.

This means rolling over your money from the Tribune 401(k) plan to an individual account at Vanguard. Do this is as a “trustee to trustee” transaction, where the money goes directly from the Tribune account to the new individual account. DO NOT have them send a personal check to you. If you do that, all the money in the 401(k) becomes immediately taxable.

Today in Labor History

May 21  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Italian activists and anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, widely believed to have been framed for murder, go on trial today. They eventually are executed as part of a government campaign against dissidents - 1921

The “Little Wagner Act” is signed in Hawaii, guaranteeing pineapple and sugar workers the right to bargain collectively. After negotiations failed, a successful 79-day strike shut down 33 of the territory’s 34 plantations and brought higher wages and a 40-hour week - 1945

Nearly 100,000 unionized SBC Communications Inc. workers begin a 4-day strike to protest the local phone giant’s latest contract offer - 2004

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

At Tribune, broadcasting up and publishing down

At Tribune, broadcasting up and publishing down

Tribune profit falls 30% on higher costs

By Brett Levy

This story is behind the WSJ firewall, so here are some highlights:
The numbers are clearly distorted by recent acquisitions. The company still made a profit of $41.2 million on the quarter. Broadcast revenue is up 21 percent to $852 million.
"In the first quarter of 2014 we demonstrated early signs of the strength of our new broadcast scale," Mr. Liguori said in a statement Tuesday. "We are also encouraged by the activity we are seeing in the political landscape and its prospects for advertising for the second half of 2014."
The real problem is still print, which saw a 2.6 percent revenue decline to $453.8 million, so the next line is bogus:
"Additionally, our newspapers continued to deliver very good results in a challenging environment, and we are confident in the prospects for that business as we move closer to spinning it off from Tribune Co.," he added.

Tribune Co. said its first-quarter earnings fell 30% on higher expenses that masked revenue growth at its broadcasting business.

Tribune Company Reports First Quarter 2014 Results

CHICAGO, May 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ Tribune Company (the "Company" or "We"; OTC:TRBAA) today reported its results for the first quarter ended March 30, 2014. The condensed consolidated financial statements along with management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are available in the Financial Information section of the Company's corporate website,, and on the Company's investor relations app.

Q1 Highlights

Consolidated revenue +21% compared to the 1 st quarter of 2013
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA +37% compared to the 1 st quarter of 2013
Completed the acquisition of Gracenote on January 31, 2014

Company Results
Consolidated revenues in the first quarter of 2014 were $852.2 million compared to $705.0 million in the first quarter of 2013, representing an increase of $147.2 million, or 21%. The acquisition of Local TV increased revenues by $144.8 million.
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA increased to $297.9 million in the first quarter of 2014 from $216.9 million in the first quarter of 2013. The increase was primarily due to the acquisition of Local TV and an increase in cash distributions from equity investments, partially offset by costs incurred in the initial stages of establishing Tribune Digital Ventures and an increase in Corporate expenses.
Cash distributions from equity investments in the quarter were $120.3 million, which included a $12.4 million one-time receipt from TV Food Network relating to a management fee dispute that was settled in December 2013. The distributions received in the same period in 2013 were $89.9 million.
Broadcasting revenues were $398.4 million in the first quarter of 2014, an increase of 67% or $159.2 million as compared to $239.2 million in the first quarter of 2013.
Broadcasting Adjusted EBITDA was $139.1 million in the first quarter of 2014, compared to $79.6 million in the first quarter of 2013, an increase of 75%.
Pro forma for acquisition of Local TV (see attached quarterly pro forma financial disclosures) (1)
Pro forma for the acquisition of Local TV, Broadcasting revenues were $398.4 million in the first quarter of 2014 compared to $369.3 million in the first quarter of 2013. This represents an increase of $29.1 million or 7.9%. Retransmission consent revenues in the quarter were $55.6 million, compared to $29.6 million in the first quarter of 2013, an increase of $26.0 million, or 88%. Advertising revenues increased to $304.3 million in the first quarter of 2014 as compared with $300.6 million in the first quarter of 2013, representing an increase of $3.7 million, or 1.2%. Political advertising revenues accounted for $1.4 million of this increase.
Pro forma for the acquisition of Local TV, Broadcasting Adjusted EBITDA was $139.1 million in the first quarter of 2014, compared to $130.1 million in the first quarter of 2013. The increase was driven by the growth in the TV Station group including the acquisition of Local TV, of $26.4 million, offset primarily by declines in WGN America resulting from increased production and promotion investments associated with new programming, and costs incurred in the initial stages of establishing Tribune Studios.
Publishing segment revenues in the first quarter of 2014 were $453.8 million, compared to $465.9 million in the first quarter of 2013, a decline of $12.1 million or 2.6%. This decline was primarily attributable to declines in advertising revenue of $19.3 million and declines in revenues from commercial printing and delivery services of $4.1 million, offset by increases in other revenues largely resulting from the acquisition of Gracenote in the quarter.
Publishing Adjusted EBITDA was $55.8 million in the first quarter of 2014, compared to $58.0 million in the first quarter of 2013, a decline of 3.8%. Adjusted EBITDA in the newspaper businesses was essentially flat, while costs incurred in the initial stages of establishing Tribune Digital Ventures negatively impacted the year-over-year comparison.
Commenting on the first quarter results, Peter Liguori,Tribune Company President and Chief Executive Officerstated, "In the first quarter of 2014 we demonstrated early signs of the strength of our new broadcast scale. As a consolidated business with the Local TV stations, revenues generated by retransmission consent fees hit an all-time high for the Company growing 88% compared to last year.We are also encouraged by the activity we are seeinginthe political landscape and its prospects for advertising for the second half of 2014.Programming and brandinginvestments onWGN Americaresulted in thesuccessfullaunch of the network's first original series, Salem, in April, which delivered the highest ratings for the network inseven years.We alsoscaledour metadata competenciesthrough the acquisition of Gracenote in the quarter. Additionally, our newspapers continuedtodeliver very good results in a challenging environment, and we are confidentin the prospects for that business as we move closer to spinning it off from Tribune Company.We remain focused on achieving ourobjectiveto driveprofitable growth in each of ourbusinesses."
TRIBUNE is one of the country's leading multimedia companies, operating businesses in broadcasting, publishing, and interactive. The company's broadcasting group owns or operates 42 television stations, WGN America on national cable, the national multicast networks Antenna TV and THIS TV, Tribune Studios and Chicago's WGN-AM. In publishing, Tribune's leading daily newspapers include the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, TheBaltimore Sun, Sun Sentinel (South Florida), Orlando Sentinel, Hartford Courant, The Morning Call and Daily Press. Popular news and information websites complement Tribune's print and broadcast properties and extend the company's nationwide audience.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This press release includes a discussion of Adjusted EBITDA for the Company and our operating segments (Publishing, Broadcasting and Corporate). Adjusted EBITDA is a financial measure that is not recognized under accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. ("GAAP"). Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before income taxes, interest income, interest expense, pension expense, equity income and losses, depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, certain special items (including severance), non-operating items and reorganization items plus cash distributions from equity investments less cash pension contributions. Adjusted EBITDA for the Company's operating segments is calculated as segment operating profit plus depreciation, amortization, pension expense, stock-based compensation and certain special items (including severance). We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is a measure commonly used by investors to evaluate our performance and that of our competitors. We also present Adjusted EBITDA because we believe investors, analysts and rating agencies consider it useful in measuring our ability to meet our debt service obligations. We further believe that the disclosure of Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors, as this non-GAAP measure is used, among other measures, by our management to evaluate our performance. By disclosing Adjusted EBITDA, we believe that we create for investors a greater understanding of, and an enhanced level of transparency into, the means by which our management operates our company. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure presented in accordance with GAAP, and our use of the term Adjusted EBITDA may vary from that of others in our industry. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), operating profit, revenues or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP as measures of operating performance or liquidity.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Certain disclosures in this press release include certain forward-looking statements that are based largely on our current expectations and reflect various estimates and assumptions by the Company. Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results and achievements to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements, and are in some instances beyond our control. Such risks, trends and uncertainties include: the Company's adoption of fresh-start reporting which caused its consolidated financial statements for periods subsequent to the date we and our subsidiaries (the "Debtors") emerged from chapter 11 bankruptcy to not be comparable to prior periods; the Company's ability to satisfy future capital and liquidity requirements; our ability to access the credit and capital markets at the times and in the amounts needed and on acceptable terms; our ability to retire outstanding debt and satisfy other contractual commitments; increased interest rate risk due to variable rate indebtedness; changes in advertising demand, circulation levels and audience shares; changes in the overall market for television advertising, regulatory and judicial rulings; availability and cost of broadcast rights; competition and other economic conditions including fragmentation of the media landscape and competition from other media alternatives; our ability to develop and grow its on-line businesses; changes in newsprint prices; changes in accounting standards; adverse results from litigation, governmental investigations or tax-related proceedings or audits; our ability to settle unresolved claims filed in connection with the Debtors' chapter 11 cases and resolve the appeals seeking to overturn the confirmation order issued by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware on July 23, 2012; our ability to satisfy its pension and other postretirement employee benefit obligations; our ability to attract and retain employees; the effect of labor strikes, lock-outs and labor negotiations; our ability to realize benefits or synergies from acquisitions or divestitures or to operate our businesses effectively following acquisitions or divestitures; our ability to successfully integrate the acquisition of Local TV Holdings, LLC ("Local TV"), including our ability to program the acquired stations to successfully generate improved ratings and increased advertising revenue and to maintain relationships with cable operators, satellite providers and other key commercial partners of Local TV, retain key Local TV employees, and realize the expected benefits and synergies including the expected accretion in earnings; our ability to successfully complete the proposed spin-off of essentially all of our publishing businesses, including the ability to (i) realize the anticipated benefits of the proposed spin-off transaction, achieve requisite regulatory approvals and retain key personnel and (ii) successfully navigate unanticipated developments that may delay or negatively impact the proposed spin-off transaction, changes in market conditions and disruption to business operations as a result of the proposed transaction; our reliance on third-party vendors for various services; our ability to adapt to technological changes; and other events beyond our control that may result in unexpected adverse operating results.
The words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "could," "should," "intend," "may," "plan," "seek," "will," "designed," "assume," "implied" and similar expressions generally identify forward-looking statements. Whether or not any such forward-looking statements are in fact achieved will depend on future events, some of which are beyond the control of the Company. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements, which are being made as of the date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
(1) Amounts are pro forma for the acquisition of Local TV, which was completed on December 27, 2013, as if the acquisition had occurred as of the beginning of 2013, and are based on Local TV's historical basis of presentation and do not reflect the impact of purchase accounting.