Monday, July 31, 2023

Important Events From This day in History July 31


1931 Australia Tasmanian Tigers

1931 : An expedition has left to find if any Tasmanian Tigers (Tasmanian Marsupial Wolf) are left, it is believed they have retreated to rugged western and south western parts of Australia as a last stand for the species but many believe they are already extinct.

1920 U.S.A. Illegal Booze Seized

1920 : A total of 2,000,000 quarts of Whisky have been seized in New York and Chicago this week in two raids on illegal drinking establishments.

1962 UK Sir Oswald Mosley

1962 : A rally of supporters of Sir Oswald Mosley and his anti-Semitic Blackshirt group in London's east end ends when missiles including rotten fruit, pennies and stones are thrown at him and police are forced to end the rally when he knocked to the ground by protesters.

1964 U.S.A. Ranger 7

1964 : Ranger 7 an unmanned lunar probe is sent to the moon it's main purpose is to discover what the moons surface would be like for the planned moon landing later in the decade, it's cameras start filming the surface 17 minutes before impact and the photos are beamed back to earth. The pictures showed that the lunar surface was not excessively dusty or otherwise treacherous to a potential spacecraft landing.

1978 Rhodesia Attacks Mozambique

1978 : Rhodesian troops, Jet fighters and Bombers attacked Guerrilla bases in Mozambique after crossing the border as they believe they are bases used by terrorists entering Rhodesia.

1982 Iraq Iran Invasion

1982 : Iran is continuing to make progress on it's push towards the capital of Iraq, Baghdad.

1987 Peter Wright's Spycatcher Book

1987 : The British Attorney General has filed charges against the Sunday Telegraph for publishing three articles repeating details from the Spycatcher book which is banned from publication in the UK. Spycatcher is banned in the UK because Peter Wright who worked for MI5 as a a Senior Intelligence Officer is in breach of his contract and could damage confidence in British security.

1991 Soviet Union Start Treaty Signed

1991 : The worlds two superpowers the United States and the Soviet Union sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) an historic agreement reducing their stockpiles of nuclear warheads by more than 30%.

1999 U.S.A. Linda Tripp

1999 : The only person who was involved in the impeachment proceedings against President Clinton who is facing criminal charges Linda Tripp, has been charged for illegal phone tapping.

1999 Great Britain Beef Export Ban Lifted

1999 : The British Beef export ban that has now been in place for three years following the BSE Crisis and it's link to its human form CJD. Since the ban in 1996 strict new hygiene and registration measures have been put in place to ensure British Beef is the best in the market, and British farmers are now seeking a great future for beef exports.

2001 Napster Closed Down

2001 : Napster is finally closed down by court order following an injunction on behalf of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) . Napster had grown in just two short years from just a few visitors and file swappers to multiple millions of visitors sharing music mostly in the form of MP3's depriving the music industry of millions of dollars. And in 2002 Napster was forced to file for Chapter 11 protection but an American bankruptcy judge forced Napster to liquidate its assets according to Chapter 7 of the U.S. bankruptcy laws.

Sunday, July 30, 2023

Today in Labor History July 30, 2023


Jimmy Hoffa disappeared – and then his legacy took on a life of its own

Automobile tycoon and fascist Henry Ford was born on this date in Dearborn, Michigan. His introduction of the assembly line and other mass production techniques revolutionized profit-making not only by dramatically increasing worker productivity, and therefore reducing labor costs, but also by de-skilling the workforce and weakening the power of the workers. – 1863

President Lyndon Johnson signed the Medicare Act, providing federally-funded health insurance for senior citizens. – 1964

Former Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappeared. Presumed dead, his body has never been found. Hoffa was a union activist with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) from a young age, and was an important regional figure with the union by his mid-twenties. By 1952, Hoffa had risen to national vice-president of the IBT, and served as the union’s general president between 1958 and 1971. He secured the first national agreement for teamsters’ rates in 1964. During his term as leader, Hoffa played a major role in the growth and development of the union which eventually became the largest (by membership) in the U.S. with over 1.5 million members at its peak. – 1975

United Airlines agreed to offer domestic-partner benefits to employees and retirees worldwide. – 1999

Sunday Morning in the Blogosphere


Friday, July 28, 2023

Important Events From This day in History July 28


1932 "Bonus Army" World War I

1932 : Federal troops under the order of President Hoover forcibly dispersed the "Bonus Army" of (17,000 World War I veterans) who had gathered in Washington, D.C. on June 17th to demand money they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945. The troops under the command of General Douglas MacArthur and Major George S. Patton are ordered to charge into the veterans and were sent to destroy the temporary shacks in the Bonus Army's camps in Hooverville on the Anacostia Flats forcing the marchers out. By the end of the day hundreds of veterans were injured, and several were killed. The World War I Vets like every body else in the country were suffering with no jobs and money during these early years of the great depression and wanted the Service Certificates they had earned while fighting in World War I paid out early. More about the Bonus Army Protest

1914 World War I Begins

1914 : Following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by Gavrilo Princip, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, within one month countries across Europe had formed alliances and declared war on other alliances. The main alliances in the early period of the war were: Entente Powers or the Allied Powers: consisted of British Empire, France, Russian Empire, Italy, United States. Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.

1920 Mexico Francisco Villa Surrenders

1920 : Francisco Villa the notorious bandit has surrendered unconditionally to the provisional government of Mexico.

1931 U.S.A. Monoplane Race

1931 : A race between two powerful monoplanes got under way today starting from New York, the race is to Istanbul over 5,500 miles away. They are also hoping to break the current long distance record of 4,912 miles non stop.

1945 Plane Crashes Into Empire State Building

1945 : A B-25 Mitchell bomber crashes into the into the 79th story of the Empire State Building killing 14 people. The freak accident was caused by heavy fog.

1956 U.S.A. Elvis Presley

1956 : Elvis Presley scores his second No. 1 hit with "I Want You, I Need You, I Love You" following his April number 1 "Heartbreak Hotel."

1965 50,000 Extra Troops To Vietnam

1965 : President Johnson informed fellow Americans that he is adding 50,000 troops to the U.S. forces currently in Vietnam, for a total of 125,000 soldiers.

1972 UK Dock Strike Begins

1972 : 42,000 registered dock workers begin a national strike over container companies using cheap labor and concerns over compulsory redundancies. After one week the government under Edward Heath proclaimed a state of emergency which allowed the use of the British Army to unload cargo.

1976 China Earthquake Kills 1/4 Million

1976 : An earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 magnitude on the Richter scale flattens Tangshan, a Chinese industrial city with a population of about one million people. The quake killed an estimated 242,000 people in Tangshan and surrounding areas making the earthquake one of the deadliest in recorded history.

1978 Lebanon Syrian Attacks

1978 : The United States, Canada and Great Britain have advised nationals to leave Lebanon as quickly as possible due to increased Syrian attacks on Lebanon Christians and are leaving only a skeleton staff in their Embassy.

1978 Gold Reaches $200.00 Per Ounce

1978 : The Price of gold has reached an all time high on the Bullion Market of $200.00 per ounce , investors usually invest in gold during monetary instability and the steady decline in the value of the dollar has sent many US investors into the gold market.

1982 Israel Attack West Beirut

1982 : Israel Bombers and fighters are blasting large area's of West Beirut attacking any area or building they believe may house PLO Palestinian Liberation Army Guerillas. After nightfall the PLO Guerillas returned fire on Israeli positions using rockets and mortar fire.

1999 U.S.A. Y2K Compliance

1999 : Federal Regulators from the SEC have given until August 1 for Brokerage firms to prove compliance with Y2K or a court order will be obtained to close them down on December 31st.

Today in Labor History July 28, 2023


Troops, burned down a shantytown occupied by unemployed veterans

Women shoemakers in Lynn, Massachusetts created the Daughters of St. Crispin, the first national women’s labor union in the U.S. The union began with a strike of over a thousand female workers in 1860. By the end of 1869, it had a total of 24 local lodges across the U.S., the largest of which had over 400 members. Conventions of all the lodges were held annually in Massachusetts until 1872. The Name “Daughters of St. Crispin” was inspired by the contemporary men’s union of shoemakers, the order of the Knights of St. Crispin. Saint Crispin is the patron saint of cobblers, tanners, and leather workers. In 1870, a convention of the Daughters of St. Crispin unanimously adopted a resolution which demanded equal pay for doing the same work as men. – 1860

Harry Bridges was born in Australia. He came to America at age 19 and became a leader of the International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA). In 1937 he led several chapters in forming a new union, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), expanding membership to warehouse workers. He led the ILWU for the next 40 years. – 1901
A strike by Paterson, New Jersey silk workers for an eight-hour day and improved working conditions ended after six months, with the workers’ demands unmet. During the course of the strike, approximately 1,800 strikers were arrested, including Wobblie leaders Big Bill Haywood and Elizabeth Gurley Flynn. – 1913
General Douglas MacArthur, Major Dwight D. Eisenhower and their troops, burned down a shantytown occupied by unemployed veterans near the U.S. Capitol. 20,000 ex-servicemen had been camped out in the capital demanding a veterans’ bonus the government had promised but never given. Cavalry troops and tanks fired tear gas at veterans and their families and then set the buildings on fire. MacArthur and President Herbert Hoover said they had saved the nation from revolution. – 1932
Nine miners were rescued in Sommerset, Pennsylvania. after being trapped for 77 hours, 240 feet underground in the flooded Quecreek Mine. – 2002

Friday Morning in the Blogosphere

 Davis Dam, Laughlin, Nevada

WNIP to rebrand to Media Makers Meet - What's New in Publishing

Newsroom Diversity Will Require Union Flexibility - Second Rough Draft

California news turmoil shows need for legislation, sustainability - Seattle Times Free Press

How 2 local news publishers are creating a sense of community while proving their value - E&P

Wednesday, July 26, 2023

Important Events From This day in History July 26


1956 Egypt Suez Crisis Begins

1956 : The Suez Crisis begins when Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the British and French-owned Suez Canal hoping to charge tolls that would pay for construction of of the Aswan dam on the Nile.

1931 U.S.A. Grasshopper Swarms

1931 : The Midwest and heartland of the United States are in the midst of a bad drought when swarms of grasshoppers descends on crops throughout the American heartland, devastating millions of acres.

1939 United Kingdom IRA Roundup

1939 : The British government is set for lightening strikes against the IRA (Irish Republican Army) to round up over 5,000 suspects to stop the sabotage and terrorist activities now that the new emergency government bill has been passed.

1941 U.S.A. Japanese Assets Seized

1941 : President Franklin Roosevelt seizes all Japanese assets in the United States in retaliation for the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China.

1945 Great Britain Clement Attlee

1945 : Winston Churchill's Conservative party loses the general election to the Labour Party and Clement Attlee, the Labour leader, is sworn in as the new British leader, Attlee had campaigned on an enlarged system of social services would be created as outlined in the wartime Beveridge Report.

1952 Argentina Eva Peron

1952 : Eva Peron, died today of a prolonged illness she was known as Evita (Little Eva) to the people of Argentina.

1963 Yugoslavia Earthquake Strikes Skopje

1963 : Skopje, Yugoslavia's 4th largest city was struck by an earthquake which reduced the city to ruins. It is estimated many thousands died as 80% of the city was left in ruins.

1978 South America Political Turmoil

1978 : The continuing turmoil in South American politics have many in the west concerned for democracy in the area, in just a short time we have seen A coup in Bolivia. General Augusto Pinochet Junta in Chile ousting the only liberal member left. In Paraguay the opposition party leader was snatched from the street and jailed after speaking out against the corruption of the ruling party.

1989 Student Indicted For Creating Computer Virus

1989 : Robert Tappan Morris a graduate student from Cornell University was indicted on a felony charge for releasing a computer virus that disrupted thousands of computers throughout the United States in the fall of 1988.

1996 U.S.A. IBM

1996 : IBM is given a contract by the Department of Energy to build the worlds most powerful custom supercomputer.

Today in Labor History July 26, 2023


Battle of the Viaduct

30 workers were killed by federal troops at the “Battle of the Viaduct“, Chicago, during the Great Upheaval (AKA Great Strike). During the battle, U.S. troops and police attacked about 5,000 workers at Halsted & 16th Street in Chicago.  A judge later found the police guilty of preventing the workers from exercising their right to freedom of speech and assembly. – 1877
President Grover Cleveland appointed a United States Strike Committee to investigate the causes of the Pullman strike and the subsequent strike by the American Railway Union. Later that year the commission issued its report, absolving the strikers and blaming Pullman and the railroads for the conflict. – 1894
In the Battle of Mucklow, a West Virginia coal strike, an estimated 100,000 shots were fired; 12 miners and four guards were killed. – 1912
President Truman issued Executive Order 9981, directing equality of opportunity in armed forces. – 1948
The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) took effect. It required employers to offer reasonable accommodations to qualified disabled employees and banned discrimination against such workers. – 1992

Wednesday Morning in the Blogosphere

 Los Angeles Times Mechanics

168-year-old California newspaper files for bankruptcy, lays off all staff - SF Gate

The L.A. Times’ new section De Los aims to draw Latino readers without the paywall - NL

Tuesday, July 25, 2023

Important Events From This day in History July 25


2000 France Concorde Crash

2000 : An Air France Concorde jet bound for New York crashes upon takeoff in Paris killing everyone on board as well as four people on the ground.

1917 France Mata Hari

1917 : The exotic dancer Mata Hari is sentenced to execution by firing squad by a French court for spying on Germany's behalf during World War I.

1921 U.S.A. Rum Runners

1921 : Rum runners are now taunting US authorities by sitting outside of the three mile limit with flags and signs saying come and get it. At night they disappear under cover of darkness to areas not patrolled and small fishing boats unload the cargo and deliver the booze back to shore.

1939 England IRA Bomb

1939 : A bomb planted in a baggage room on a London Railway station by the IRA has injured 14 people many seriously , the bomb is believed to have been planted by the Irish Republican Army.

1943 Italy Benito Mussolini

1943 : Benito Mussolini, the prime minister and dictator of Italy for 21 years, was forced from office.

1952 Puerto Rico Self Governing Commonwealth of US

1952 : After a number of years during which there were revolts including the Jayuya Uprising against the United States. Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States. The head of state is still George Bush and the Federal Legislative Branch is the United States Congress. The country is currently run by the New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico who hold control of the Puerto Rican House of Representatives and Senate who are campaigning for the right of Statehood for Puerto Rico.

1956 U.S.A. Ocean Liners Collide

1956 : The Italian ocean liner Andrea Doria and the Swedish ocean liner Stockholm collide in a heavy Atlantic fog off the island of Nantucket on the New England coast. Fifty-one passengers and crew were killed in the collision, which ripped a great hole in the broad side of the Italian vessel Andrea Doria all 1,660 survivors were rescued from the ship before it sunk late the next morning.

1969 Senator Edward Kennedy Chappaquiddick

1969 : Senator Edward Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving the scene of a crime (car accident on the island of Chappaquiddick where Mary Jo Kopechne drowned) and has been sentenced to a two-month suspended jail sentence.

1973 Soviet Union Mars 5 Probe

1973 : The Soviet Union launched Mars 5, its second unmanned Mars probe on a six-month journey to the red planet.

1978 Great Britain First Test Tube Baby

1978 : Lesley Brown gave birth to the world's first test tube baby (in-vitro fertilization) delivered by cesarean section in Oldham, England. Dr. Patrick Steptoe and Dr. Robert Edwards developed the process to conceive a child in a laboratory and then plant in a uterus to develop normally.

1978 Britain Motability Scheme Launched

1978 : A new scheme in Britain (Motability scheme) to provide cars for disabled people is launched in Earl's Court, London. The scheme allows disabled people to use part of their mobility allowance to lease new, modified cars for the disabled.

Today in Labor History July 25, 2023


After striking for seven months, New York garment workers won the right to unionize and secured a closed shop (a shop where everyone must join the Union) and the firing of all scabs. – 1890

Fifteen “living dead women” testified before the Illinois Industrial Commission.  They were “Radium Girls,” women who died prematurely after working at clock and watch factories, where they were told to wet small paintbrushes in their mouths so they could dip them in radium to paint dials.  A Geiger counter passed over graves in a cemetery near Ottawa, Illinois still registers the presence of radium. – 1937

The Teamsters and Service Employees unions break from the AFL-CIO during the federation’s 50th convention to begin the Change to Win coalition, ultimately comprised of seven unions. They said they wanted more emphasis on organizing and less on electoral politics. – 2005

After 2 ½ years of negotiations, 240 ferry workers of the Alaska Marine Highway System went on strike. Their slogan was “we believe in ferries”. The fleet remained tied to the docks for 11 days while they worked with a federal mediator to negotiate a contract. In all, 8,570 passengers were affected along with 2,468 vehicles. Refunds cost the state around $3.3 million. – 2019

Tuesday Morning in the Blogosphere

 San Diego Union Tribune’s Pulitzer prize winning cartoonist, Steve Breen,
says goodbye in his last cartoon.

Lessons From the End of Newspaper Sports Coverage - Second Rough Draft

Thursday, July 20, 2023

Important Events From This day in History July 20


1975 U.S.A. Oil Hits $13.00 a Barrel

1975 : Price controls on oil at $11.30 per barrel to come into effect when the current oil price controls run out have been voted on by Congress and have been passed , but President Carter is likely to veto the bill which would allow gas to rise by 7 cents per gallon as he is concerned that the increased reliance on foreign imports by as much as 350,000 barrels per day would not be in the long term interests of America. The current price controls are due to expire at the end of August. A Cost of a gallon of Gas 44 cents in 1975

1923 Mexico Pancho Villa

1923 : Francisco Villa (Pancho Villa) is assassinated in Parral, Chihuahua, in his car and the assassins were never arrested.

1925 U.S.A. Still Explodes

1925 : An explosion in a new York apartment sends the owner crashing through the windows and onto the street 3 floors below has been traced to an illegal 8 gallon still that exploded.

1925 U.S.A. Wages $8.80 Per Week

1925 : The medium wage for women working in Alabama was approximately $8.80 per week. with most employed in manufacturing, clerical, domestic, or agricultural jobs.

1931 United Kingdom Help Germany

1931 : Prime Minister MacDonald of Great Britain is hosting one of the most important conferences since Versailles with 7 of the worlds most important statesman attending, The Conference is to try and help the war stricken Germany get free from the economic catastrophe it is currently facing.

1944 Germany Assassination Attempt Hitler

1944 : Adolf Hitler and 12 of his military and naval leaders were injured when a bomb exploded during a meeting at Hitler's headquarters in an assassination attempt on Hitler.

1948 U.S.A. Peacetime Military Draft

1948 : President Harry Truman issued a proclamation today calling for a peacetime military draft because of rising tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union.

1950 India Conflict In China

1950 : India has again requested that communist China is given a seat on the United Nations Security Council as a first step to ending the conflict in Korea, The United States has again vetoed the idea.

1951 Jordan King Abdullah Assassinated

1951 : King Abdullah of Jordan was assassinated in Jerusalem by a Palestinian nationalist.

1952 Finland Emil Zatopek

1952 : Emil Zatopek of Czechoslovakia wins the 10,000 meter race at the 15th Olympic Games in Helsinki, Finland . Emil Zatopek went on to win three gold medals at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. 5,000 meters, 10,000 meters and the marathon making him possibly one of the greatest runners of the 20th century.

1956 UK and U.S.A. Withdraw Funds For Aswan Dam

1956 : The UK and U.S.A. withdraw offers of aid for creation of the Aswan high dam in response to President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt forming closer relationships with the Soviet Union. President Gamal Abdel Nasser announced 5 days later he would nationalize the Suez Canal to provide revenue for the construction of the high Aswan dam leading to the Suez Crisis. The Soviet Union stepped up in 1958 and funded the Aswan high dam project, the project was completed in 1970 and created the man made reservoir Lake Nasser.

1960 Ceylon / Sri Lanka (From 1972) Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike

1960 : Ceylon has chosen the world's first women prime minister (Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike) the wife of the murdered former prime minister Solomon Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka Freedom Party).

1964 U.S.A. Harlem Riots

1964 : Violence has flared up again in Harlem New York during burial services for those killed during the earlier riots with 14 more hurt. African-American leaders in the community are urging calm but hooligans are continuing to cause damage to property in the area.

1974 Turkey Invades Northern Cyprus

1974 : Turkish troops invade northern Cyprus following on from the breakdown of talks, Greek warships have now put to sea and Greek and Turkish warships are now exchanging fire near Paphos, a port in south-western Cyprus. Currently (2008) Cyprus is still a very divided country with a Turkish-occupied area in the north and the Republic of Cyprus in the south of the island with a UN green line separating the two.

1976 Space Viking 1 Lands On Mars

1976 : On the seventh anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing, the Viking 1 lander, an unmanned U.S. planetary probe, becomes the first spacecraft to successfully land on the surface of Mars.

1982 UK IRA Bombing Campaign

1982 : The IRA is continuing it's bombing campaign on the British mainland with two IRA bomb blasts in central London, one in Hyde Park, killing two soldiers and injuring 23 others and the other in Regents Park killing six soldiers and injuring a further 24.

1990 UK IRA Bombing Campaign

1990 : The IRA bombs the London Stock Exchange. The IRA did give a coded warning prior to the bomb detonation and no body was killed or injured.

Today in Labor History July 20, 2023


Great Strike, Maryland

In the midst of the Great Strike, Maryland state militia fired on striking railroad workers in Baltimore, killing 50. – 1877
New York City newsboys, many so poor that they were sleeping in the streets, began a two-week strike. Several rallies drew more than 5,000 newsboys, complete with charismatic speeches by strike leader Kid Blink, who was blind in one eye. The boys had to pay publishers up front for the newspapers. The strike lasted two weeks, causing Pulitzer’s New York World to reduce its circulation from 360,000 to 125,000. The strike was successful in increasing the amount of money newsboys received for their work and in forcing the publishers to buy back unsold papers. – 1899
Police, acting on orders from the Citizens Alliance, an anti-labor employers’ group, shot at picketing strikers and their supporters during the Minneapolis Teamsters strike without provocation, killing two and wounding 67 more. This became known as Bloody Friday. – 1934
The UAW (United Auto Workers) was indicted for illegal political contributions. – 1955
The first labor contract in the history of the federal government was signed by postal unions and the Postal Service following an unauthorized strike by 200,000 postal workers the year before. – 1971

Tuesday, July 18, 2023

Tuesday Night in the Blogosphere


A Look At The Future Of The Los Angeles Times - KPPC

Important Events From This day in History July 18


1976 Nadia Comaneci Perfect 10

1976 : The first perfect 10 ever recorded in Olympic gymnastics was achieved up by Romania's 4-foot-11, 88-pound Nadia Comaneci on the women's uneven parallel bars.

1922 U.S.A. Mineworkers Strike

1922 : President Harding has put in place plans to break the stranglehold of the mineworkers strike which is now effecting power stations and electricity across the country. Mines will begin operating with strikebreakers protected by federal troops.

1925 Germany Mein Kampf

1925 : Nazi leader Adolf Hitler publishes the first volume of his personal manifesto, Mein Kampf which was a bitter and turgid narrative filled with anti-Semitic outpourings, disdain for morality, worship of power, and the blueprints for his plan of Nazi world domination.

1936 Spanish Civil War

1936 : The Spanish Civil War starts as a revolt by right wing Spanish military officers in Morocco which spreads to mainland Spain. From the Canary Islands, General Francisco Franco broadcasts a message calling for all army officers to join the uprising and overthrow Spain's leftist Republican government.

1948 France Juan Manuel Fangio

1948 : Possibly one of the greatest racing drivers (Juan Manuel Fangio) from Argentina started his career making his Formula One debut finishing 12th at the Grand Prix de l'ACF in France. He went on to win five Formula One titles.

1969 U.S.A. Chappaquiddick

1969 : A car driven by Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy plunged off a narrow wooden bridge into a tidal pond after leaving a party on Chappaquiddick Island , Kennedy escaped the submerged car but his passenger, a secretary (Mary Jo Kopechne) who was riding with him, drowned in the accident. Kennedy was later convicted of leaving the scene of an accident.

1981 Ireland Hunger Strike Protest

1981 : 10,000 take part in a march through Dublin in support of republican hunger strikers in the Maze Prison, Northern Ireland. The march was marred when protesters protest outside the British Embassy and begin fighting with police protecting the embassy who then charged protesters leaving more than 200 needing hospital treatment.

1984 U.S.A. McDonalds Murders

1984 : 21 people were shot dead and 19 injured in a San Ysidro, California McDonald's by James Oliver Huberty who had told his wife as he was leaving with 3 guns (A 9mm Uzi semi-automatic, Winchester pump-action twelve-gauge shotgun, a 9mm Browning HP) that he was "hunting humans". The killings only ended when he was fatally shot by a SWAT team sniper.

1984 England Dockers Strike

1984 : With the dockers strike now in it's 10th day Truckers stuck on both sides of the English channel are blockading the passenger ferry ports in protest at the strike. The Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is expected to declare a nationwide state of emergency later this week if the dock workers and miners strike do not end and bring in troops to keep the country running.

1998 Papua New Guinea Tidal Wave

1998 : A tidal wave of 23 ft runs along the coast of Papua New Guinea wiping out Low lying fishing villages that were completely washed away and killing over 3,000 people.

2003 U.S.A. Kobe Bryant

2003 : Basketball star Kobe Bryant is charged with sexually assaulting a 19-year-old hotel employee at a hotel in Edwards, Colorado. Charge dropped because the woman did not want to go ahead with a trial.

2005 Eric Robert Rudolph Sentenced

2005 : Eric Rudolph (Olympic Park Bomber) is sentenced in Birmingham, Ala., to life in prison for an abortion clinic bombing that killed an off-duty police officer and maimed a nurse. He was arrested in May 2003. Eric Robert Rudolph was on the FBI's 10 most wanted list from 5th May 1998 to 31st May 2003 for a series of bombings including: Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta on July 27th, 1996 (1996 Summer Olympics) which killed spectator Alice Hawthorne and wounded 111 others, Abortion clinic bombing in Sandy Springs, Atlanta on January 16, 1997, The Otherside Lounge ( Gay and Lesbian Nightclub ) in Atlanta on February 21st, 1997, injuring five, Abortion clinic Bombing in Birmingham, Alabama on January 29th, 1998, killing officer Robert Sanderson and critically injuring nurse Emily Lyons.

2006 Iraq Japan Withdraws Troops

2006 : This day marks the final withdraw of Japanese troops from Iraq. The Japanese troops could only contribute on humanitarian and reconstruction fronts during their stay in Iraq because of their constitution, which disallows the use of force in international disputes. Some Japanese believed that their involvement in the Iraq war violated their constitution, which was created by the United States in 1947 after World War II.

2007 Brazil Plane Crash Sao Paulo

2007 : A plane crashed in Sao Paulo, Brazil on this day, killing up to 200 people. None of the 186 passengers on the plane survived as the plane crashed after losing control on the wet runway, hitting a fuel depot, exploding on impact.

Today in Labor History July 18, 2023


Striking Hospital Workers in Charleston, South Carolina

The Brotherhood of Telegraphers began an unsuccessful three-week strike against the Western Union Telegraph Company. – 1883

35,000 Chicago stockyard workers went on strike. – 1919
African-American hospital workers won a 113-day union recognition strike in Charleston, South Carolina. – 1969

Thursday, July 13, 2023

Cesar Calderon Sr. Rest in Peace

 Cesar Calderon Sr.

Former pressman at the Los Angeles Times way back in the 1960's Cesar Calderon Sr. (87) has passed two weeks ago. Two of Mr. Calderon's son's also became pressmen at the Los Angeles Times, Cesar Calderon Jr., and Al Calderon. The senior Calderon was a very pleasant man, as we met at one of the funerals of our colleague's. 

Condolences to the entire Calderon family and friends.

How The Times Newspaper Is Made


Thursday Morning in the Blogosphere


Los Angeles

The San Diego Union-Tribune sold to Alden Global Capital - Editor and Publisher


Important Events From This day in History July 13


1985 The Live Aid Concert

1985 : The Live Aid Concert was a series of rock concerts held to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia around the world in cites including London, Philadelphia, Sydney and Moscow. The concerts attracted close to 200,000 people and using satellite link-ups and television broadcasts around the world attracted an estimated 1.5 viewers in 100 countries watching the concerts performed live. The Concerts were organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure and raised over $250 million. Below are just some of the artists who provided their time and performances for free and this concert showed like nothing before or after what can be achieved when ego's and a desire to give something back by some of the most popular figures in entertainment put their efforts in.

Adam Ant, Ashford & Simpson, B. B. King, Billy Ocean, Black Sabbath, Bob Dylan, Bob Geldof, Boomtown Rats, Brian May, Bryan Adams, Bryan Ferry, Cher, Cliff Richard, Crosby Stills Nash & Young, David Bowie, Dire Straits, Duran Duran, Elton John, Elvis Costello, Eric Clapton, Freddie Mercury, Griff Rhys Jones, Hall & Oates, Joan Baez, Judas Priest, Keith Richards, Kenny Loggins, Kiki Dee, Kool & the Gang, Led Zeppelin, Lionel Richie, Madonna, Mel Smith, Men at Work, Mick Jagger, Neil Young, Nik Kershaw, Pat Boone, Patti LaBelle, Paul McCartney, Paul Young, Phil Collins London and Philadelphia Plant Page and Jones Power Station, Queen, REO Speedwagon, Rick Springfield, Roger Daltrey, Ron Wood, Run-DMC, Sade, Santana, Simple Minds, Spandau Ballet, Status Quo, Sting, Style Council, The Beach Boys, The Cars, The Four Tops, The Pretenders, The Who, Thompson Twins, Tina Turner, Tom Petty, U2, Ultravox, Wham

1922 S.A. Rail Strike

1922 : President Harding announced that Federal Troops may be used to enforce the presidents proclamation that interference with the United States Mail Service by the rail strike will not be tolerated.

1936 U.S.A. Heatwave

1936 : The Midwestern region of the United States experienced a record shattering heat wave, destroying millions of dollars in crops and causing more than 1,000 heat-related deaths.

1943 Russia World War II Tank Battle

1943 : The biggest tank battle in history The Battle of Kursk, involving 6,000 tanks, two million men, and 5,000 aircraft, ends the German offensive of Russia.

1951 U.S.A. Flooding

1951 : Major flooding in Kansas which was caused by rivers in Kansas overflowing causing the greatest destruction from flooding in the Midwestern United States 1/2 million people were left homeless and 24 people died in the disaster.

1955 England Ruth Ellis Hanged

1955 : Ruth Ellis the last woman in England to be executed is hung at Holloway Prison, thousands mass outside protesting the death penalty.

1960 U.S.A. Senator John F. Kennedy

1960 : Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts is nominated for the presidency by the Democratic Party Convention, defeating Senator Lyndon B. Johnson.

1970 U.S.A. Black Panther Party

1970 : FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover named the Black Panther party the most dangerous terrorist group in existence today.

1977 U.S.A. Blackout Hits New York

1977 : A lightening strike strikes a substation on the Hudson River, tripping two circuit breakers in Westchester County, then a second lightning strike caused the loss of two 345,000 volt transmission lines causing a 25 hrs blackout of the New York City area. In some areas of New York Looting and vandalism were widespread with the hardest hit Crown Heights. Subway services, LaGuardia and Kennedy airports are closed and the city struggles for the next 24 hours.

1978 U.S.A. Lee Iacocca

1978 : Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. after falling out with the chairman of Ford, Henry Ford II. Following the ending of his career at Ford Lee Iacocca takes over as Chrysler's Chairman where he restructured the company.

1998 U.S.A. GM Recall

1998 : GM motors is forced to recall 800,000 cars, vans and trucks due to malfunctioning airbags.

1998 Russia IMF $22bn Loan

1998 : As Russia continues it's economic problems the International Monetary Fund's has agreed to give Russia a $22bn loan to help stabilize it's economy. The IMF when providing loans always place conditions with any loan and the proposed loan to Russia is no different. The conditions include: Russia is to stop issuing short-term government bonds, Tough new tax reforms and collection, Strict controls on public spending, The Duma Russia's Parliament is due to vote later this week to approve the reform package which will ease market pressure to devalue the Rouble.

2000 Fiji Hostages Released By Rebels

2000 : Rebels led by leader George Speight have released 18 hostages including the former Prime Minister, Mahendra Chaudhry after eight weeks from parliament. Within hours, Ratu Josefa Iloilo was appointed president of Fiji.

2001 Internet Code Red Virus

2001 : The code red (WORM) virus is first seen on the Internet. The worm is designed to attack web sites running on Microsoft's IIS web server. The virus is thought to have affected over 250,000 web sites between 13th July and July 20th before a patch provided by Microsoft fixed the vulnerability and became well known for displaying the words "Hacked By Chinese!" on sites it had taken control of (hence the name).