Tuesday, October 31, 2017

PageSuite, Dallas Morning News launch app

PageSuite, Dallas Morning News launch app: The e-paper launched on PageSuite’s HTML5 reader, which allows the content to be viewed in the browser across mobile and tablet devices as well as desktops, PageSuite says.

Today in Labor History

October 31  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

 George Henry Evans publishes the first issue of the Working Man’s Advocate, “edited by a Mechanic” for the “useful and industrious classes” in New York City. He focused on the inequities between the “portion of society living in luxury and idleness” and those “groaning under the oppressions and miseries imposed on them.” - 1829
Tennessee sends in leased convict laborers to break a coal miners strike in Anderson County. The miners revolted, burned the stockades, and sent the captured convicts by train back to Knoxville - 1891
After 14 years of labor by 400 stone masons, the Mt. Rushmore sculpture is completed in Keystone, S.D.- 1941
The Upholsterers Int’l Union merges into the United Steelworkers - 1949
Int'l Alliance of Bill Posters, Billers & Distributors of the United States & Canada surrenders its AFL-CIO charter and is disbanded - 1971

Three Z Printing adds Goss M-500

Three Z Printing adds Goss M-500: “Given Three Z’s extensive line of Goss equipment, the M-500 was a logical step to

Tuesday Night in the Blogosphere

Today’s gossip is tomorrow’s news - Nick Denton

Daily Herald offers employee buyouts - Robert Feder

Sen. Durbin urges FCC to reject Sinclair-Tribune deal - SJR

Our view: An ode and elegy to newspaper carriers - East Oregonian

Many Americans Believe Fake News Is Sowing Confusion - Journalism

Newspapers Need 5x Faster Digital Growth Just To Stand Still - MediaPost

Journalism’s New Patrons: California nonprofit targets individual donors - CJR

5 quick thoughts on Cox putting its Austin and Palm Beach papers up for sale - Poynter

Liberal Reporter Brutally Arrested While Covering Republican Ed Gillespie - Law Newz

Bruce Karsh, Tribune Media's Chairman of the Board of Directors, resigns - Tribune Media

Cox selling Austin, Palm Beach papers

Cox selling Austin, Palm Beach papers: The Statesman's seven community papers and related websites are for sell, as well.

Monday, October 30, 2017

Today in Labor History

October 30  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Ed Meese, attorney general in the Ronald Reagan administration, urges employers to begin spying on workers "in locker rooms, parking lots, shipping and mail room areas and even the nearby taverns" to try to catch them using drugs - 1986

The fishing boat Andrea Gail, out of Gloucester, Mass., is caught in ferocious storm and lost at sea with her crew of six. The event inspired the book, “The Perfect Storm,” by Sebastian Junger, and a film by the same name. The city of Gloucester has lost more than 10,000 whalers and fishermen to the sea over its 350-year history - 1991

Monday Morning in the Blogosphere

FCC wants to ease rules to benefit broadcast giant Sinclair - Wired

L.A. Times newsroom is in a fight with Tronc to unionize - Market Watch

Tronc Inc (TRNC) Shares Tick Down -3.79% - Buckeye Business Review

Facebook is making it easier to tell who's running the ads you see - Mashable

Guardian reaches milestone of 500,000 regular paying supporters - The Guardian

Arguments continue over $3.8 million newspaper arbitration ruling - Metro News

Salem County Rewind: A new newspaper; DuPont womens' housing - True Jersey

If You Want to Connect with Audiences, Start Building Podcasts - Editor and Publisher

$250,000 grant will help local news outlets identify more ways to make money - Poynter

Brokerages Set Tribune Media Company (TRCO) Target Price at $43.88 - True Blue Tribune

Sunday, October 29, 2017

Today in Labor History

October 29  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Japanese immigrant and labor advocate Katsu Goto is strangled to death, his body then strung from an electric pole, on the Big Island of Hawaii by thugs hired by plantation owners.  They were outraged over Goto’s work on behalf of agricultural workers and because he opened a general store that competed with the owners’ own company store - 1889

Wall Street crashes—"Black Tuesday"—throwing the world's economy into a years-long crisis including an unemployment rate in the U.S. that by 1933 hit nearly 25 percent - 1929

Russell Burgess Rest in Peace

From George Zambrano:

I received  a late afternoon call from Lourdes Burgess yesterday evening letting me know that Russ passed away.  I did not want to bother her about the specifics at that time.  So I don't know if he passed yesterday (Thursday 5/26) or the days before.  
I gave her my condolences and asked only if arrangements have been made.  She said she would be dealing with funeral arrangements in the coming days.  I asked her if she or someone in her family could e-mail me with the specifics as I knew she would be to entwined with other matters but I wanted to know what their plan was for arrangements.  She told me she would make sure I got word.

I later heard from Klause Kruz who she spoke to after me but he knew as much as  did.  She was very broken up and really did not want to talk about her grief which we could understand.

I will let you know as soon as I get the specifics which may or may not get to me on time for any one to make the services!  When I hear I will let you and or Gary Burchfield  know.

George Zambrano

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Today in Labor History

October 28  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Union organizer and anarchist Luisa Capetillo is born in Ariecibo, Puerto Rico.  She organized tobacco and other agricultural workers in Puerto Rico and later in New York and Florida. In 1916 she led a successful sugar cane strike of more than 40,000 workers on the island.  She demanded that her union endorse voting rights for women.  In 1919, three years before her death, she was arrested for wearing pants in public, the first woman in Puerto Rico to do so.  The charges were dropped – 1879

The St. Louis Gateway Arch is completed after two and one-half years. Originally sold as a jobs program for thousands of African Americans in St. Louis suffering from the Depression, the 630-foot high arch of stainless steel marks the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial on the waterfront of St. Louis, Mo. Although it was predicted 13 lives would be lost in construction, not a single worker died – 1965

Friday, October 27, 2017

Friday Morning in the Blogosphere

Tony Scott, a film critic with The New York Times

A year of trauma and turmoil for Columbia newspapers - Missourian

Facebook will show cars for sale from auto dealers - Business Insider

Female journalists have no shortage of sex harassment stories - Poynter

How leading American newspapers got people to pay for news - The Economist

Anti-Kremlin newspapers seek to arm their reporters against attacks - Fox News

Newport Daily News sold to Projo owner GateHouse - WPRI 12 Eyewitness News

International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists - Editors Weblog

Facebook tests ways to support publisher subscriptions in Instant Articles - PRWeek

To get to 10 million subscribers, The New York Times is focusing on churn - DigiDay

Editor and Publisher Announces the 2017 EPPY Award Finalists - Editor and Publisher

Today in Labor History

October 27  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

The New York City subway, the first rapid-transit system in America, opens. More than 100 workers died during the construction of the first 13 miles of tunnels and track – 1904

(Survival of the Fittest: Thanks to unions, construction jobs don’t cost lives the way they used to.  If you’d like to know more about construction unions, especially if you’re considering a career in the trades, read this book.  In clear, easy-to-read language it explains how to be successful in the trades and, directly linked to that success, how to make union construction thrive and prosper.)

Three strikes on works-relief projects in Maryland were underway today, with charges that Depression-era Works Projects Administration jobs were paying only about 28 cents an hour—far less than was possible on direct relief.  Civic officials in Cumberland, where authorities had established a 50-cent-per-hour minimum wage, supported the strikers - 1935
The National Labor Council is formed in Cincinnati to unite Black workers in the struggle for full economic, political and social equality. The group was to function for five years before disbanding, having forced many AFL and CIO unions to adopt non-discrimination policies - 1951

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Saying Farewell to Gary Connaught

site image

Closed Casket. Final Respects.
October 31 * 4:30-8PM 
Addleman Funeral Home
11338 Valley Blvd.
El Monte,91731

Facebook testing support for news subscription models

Facebook testing support for news subscription models: The test will happen over the next few weeks, and will roll out initially on Android devices.

Hometown Halloween by La Verne Mayor Don Kendrick

More from Hearst on Snapchat Discover

More from Hearst on Snapchat Discover: Harper’s Bazaar, Esquire, Popular Mechanics and Road & Track are producing new content twice a week on the platform, according to Business Insider. 'We saw that the channels all exceeded our expectations from an audience and engagement perspective right out of the gate,' Brian Madden, vice president of audience at Hearst Magazines Digital, told Business Insider.

Thursday Morning in the Blogosphere

Future of newspapers is strong - Greenwich Time

What do ordinary people think fake news is? - CJR

Today's front pages in China are all the same - Quartz

The editorially challenged U-T is hiring - San Diego Reader

How has digital journalism changed your work day? - Poynter

Nominate Your Paper, Send Us Your Ideas - Editor and Publisher

How Germany’s Bild evaluated Instant Articles - Editors Weblog

FCC just ended a decades-old rule to keep TV and radio under local control - WaPo

How The Times of London drives its 1.8 million registered-access users to subscribe - DigiDay

Wall Street tycoons are cashing in big by shrinking local newspapers - Monterey County Weekly

Paper to print in Schenectady

Paper to print in Schenectady: The paper's facilities will stay in Glens Falls, and Publisher Rob Forcey said readers will see no major changes in the paper.

Today in Labor History

October 26  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

After eight years and at least 1,000 worker deaths—mostly Irish immigrants—the 350-mile Erie Canal opens, linking the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. Father John Raho wrote to his bishop that "so many die that there is hardly any time to give Extreme Unction (last rites) to everybody. We run night and day to assist the sick." - 1825

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Central Ink Company plant explosion

Central Ink Company plant explosion: News & Tech has reached out for comment concerning the event and learned that there were no injuries, however the company did not comment on the extent of damages.

Wednesday Morning in the Blogosphere

Supporters from other Guild papers 

PBS' 'Frontline' makes an admirable move toward transparency - Poynter

No country for old newspaper men and women: 27 layoffs - Arkansas Times

Inside Sinclair Broadcasting’s Plot to Take Over Your Local News - Mother Jones

Amid public outcry, feds should kill Sinclair bid to buy Tribune Media - Chicago Tribune

TRONC INC (NYSE:TPUB) Stock Closed 12.8% Above Its 50 Day Average - Hugo Press

L.A. Times's New Chief Plots Changes and Woos a Beleaguered Newsroom - Fox Business

Zacks Investment Research Lowers Tribune Media Company to Strong Sell - Ledger Gazette

LA Times union organizing team in push to get tronc to recognize union - Talking New Media

Ppi Media acquires KnowledgeView

Ppi Media acquires KnowledgeView: KnowledgeView founder Ali Al-Assam will join the company from Germany as senior vice president for the MENA region.

Today in Labor History

October 25  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

What many believe to be the first formal training on first aid in American history took place at the Windsor Hotel in Jermyn, Penn., when Dr. Matthew J. Shields instructed 25 coal miners on ways to help their fellow miners. Upon completion of the course each of the miners was prepared and able to render first aid. The training led to marked decreases in serious mining injuries and fatalities - 1899

Some 25,000 silk dye workers strike in Paterson, N.J. - 1934
In what becomes known as the Great Hawaiian Dock Strike, a 6-month struggle to win wage parity with mainland dock workers, ends in victory - 1949
The Tribune Co. begins a brutal 5-month-long lockout at the New York Daily News, part of an effort to bust the newspaper’s unions - 1990
John Sweeney, president of the Service Employees Int’l Union, elected president of AFL-CIO – 1995

After a two-year fight, workers at the Bonus Car Wash in Santa Monica, Calif., win a union contract calling for pay increases, better breaks and other gains.  “They didn’t treat us like people,” nine-year employee Oliverio Gomez told the Los Angeles Times - 2011

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Union-Tribune subletting newsroom space

U-T subletting newsroom space

Meanwhile, the executives who the paper quoted touting the paper's move have departed San Diego, per their LinkedIn profiles. Ex-U-T president Russ Newton is in Texas as executive director of operations at Hearst’s San Antonio Express-News, and former vice-president York is publisher and editor-in-chief of the Morning Call in Allentown, Pennsylvania, a tronc property.

German printer opts for FlexLiner

German printer opts for FlexLiner: By investing in the Muller Martini solution, the media company in the Lusatia region aimed to improve the insert process for its daily newspaper (run size of 80,000) and its two weekly advertisement papers (with run sizes of 226,000 and 250,000 respectively). The three titles, which are currently being produced in a total of 172 million copies per year, contain three times as many inserted products as in 2013. The FlexLiner is ideally suited to such print runs and insert volumes, and is seamlessly integrated into the whole production chain thanks to the Connex.Mailroom control system.

Gary Connaught Rest in Peace

Long time pressman at the Los Angeles Times, Gary Connaught 79, passed away on Sunday October 22nd, 2017. Gary was born on July 15th, 1938 and graduated from Oceanside High school in 1956, then entered the Navy. Gary lived in El Monte, California for several decades until moving to South El Monte. Spending many years as a pressman at the Los Angeles Times, Gary was well liked by his colleagues.

No information at this time for his services.

Court approves Dauphin Graphics purchase

Court approves Dauphin Graphics purchase: Siebold is moving DGM from Elizabethville, Pennsylvania, to a new Siebold/DGM Parts and Service facility in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Today in Labor History

October 24  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

The 40-hour work week goes into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act, signed by President Roosevelt two years earlier - 1940
U.S. minimum wage increases to 40¢ an hour - 1945

Agfa Graphics named Vendor of the Year

Agfa Graphics named Vendor of the Year: Along with that accolade, Steve Musselman, Agfa Graphics’ senior corporate account executive, was recognized with the Daniel Guinette Memorial National Account Manager of the Year - 2017. The awards were given out during a special ceremony at the IPW Presidents’ Meeting in Chicago.

Tuesday Morning in the Blogosphere

We return to Cal Poly Pomona this morning to distribute food to the students

How social media endangers knowledge - Wired

LAT's turn to break sex harassment news - LAObserved

CEO of Digital First Media retires - Los Angeles Daily News

Why The Athletic Wants to Pillage Newspapers - New York Times

Biggest drop in Facebook organic reach we have ever seen - Medium

The media today: O’Reilly, Fox News, and the ‘Weinstein effect’ - CJR

The New York Times wants to hire a journalist to travel the world - NYTimes

Russian Radio Journalist Stabbed In Neck Amid Anti-Media Violence - Huffpost

The Tronc. (TRNC) major shareholder buys $37,500,000.00 in stock - Bangalore Weekly

Who are the Adams family, and why are they buying newspapers by the dozen? - Poynter

Hungarian publisher upgrades

Hungarian publisher upgrades: PLT, which was recently acquired by Mediaworks Hungary, Hungary’s largest private newspaper group, prints several local and national daily newspapers in tabloid and broadsheet format, with a total average run size of some 300,000 copies per day. Aiming to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of its production, the Hungarian printing plant is investing in two FlexLiner 3 in 1 inserting systems with a NewsStack compensating stacker and L mini feeders for automatic main-section feeding.

Monday, October 23, 2017

Today in Labor History

October 23  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

President Theodore Roosevelt establishes a fact-finding commission that suspends a nine-months-long strike by Western Pennsylvania coal miners fighting for better pay, shorter workdays and union recognition.  The strikers ended up winning more pay for fewer hours, but failed to get union recognition.   It was the first time that the federal government had intervened as a neutral arbitrator in a labor dispute - 1902

Explosion and fire at Phillips Petroleum refinery in Pasadena, Texas, kills 23 and injures 314 - 1989
Postal workers Joseph Curseen and Thomas Morris die nearly a month after having inhaled anthrax at the Brentwood mail sorting center in Washington, D.C.  Other postal workers had been made ill but survived. Letters containing the deadly spores had been addressed to U.S. Senate offices and media outlets – 2001 

Sunday, October 22, 2017


By Pastor Jim Miller

I sat with a friend today who is not a Christian.  She knows I’m a Christian and generally avoids the subject.  Today, out of the blue, she said, “Have you always been a Christian?”
I told her my story of growing up going to boring, dead churches.  I told her about rejecting the faith on rational grounds because of the wide variety of religions in the world and the painful exclusivity of Christianity.  I told her about my return to the faith.
She grinned and looked away.
“What?” I asked.
“I don’t want to be a Christian,” she declared.
She told me about experiencing pushy Christians who tried to manipulate her to believe and who wouldn’t respect her disinterest when she said “no.” She talked about churches that made her fall asleep.
Listening to her description of what she had experienced from Christians, I couldn’t help but think it:
“I don’t want to be a Christian either.”
And by that I mean, I don’t want to be a Christian like the Christians she’s met.
I don’t want to be a Christian who disregards people’s feelings when they tell me they don’t want to hear or have heard enough.  I want to be a Christian who talks about Jesus with people who are open to listening, usually because I’ve taken the time to listen to them first, and then respects them if they say “No thanks.”
And I don’t want to be a Christian who goes to or leads a boring church.  Boring churches should almost unilaterally be closed.  They should be shut down until the people who are called to lead them can come up with a meaningful vision for what it looks like to reach lost people with the gospel.  And I don’t care if your approach is miraculous healings or one-to-one evangelism or an attractive megachurch or artsy alternative community, but if a church doesn’t have a vision, the church needs to close.  If a church is boring, it’s already closed in every way except the literal way, and that’s only a matter of time.
I told her that the way Christians behave isn’t a measure of whether or not Jesus is God.  And the real question is whether or not Jesus is God, which is irrelevant to how Christians behave.  She seemed unconvinced and changed the subject.  I let her change the subject.
In that exchange, I have to trust that God did what he wanted to do.  God never forces himself on us.  Christians need to unilaterally stop forcing themselves on anyone else.
But I do have one thing better than force, manipulation, or nagging.  I can ask you to pray for my friend.  Please do.

Today in Labor History

October 22  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Bank robber Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd is killed by FBI agents near East Liverpool, Ohio. He was a hero to the people of Oklahoma who saw him as a "Sagebrush Robin Hood," stealing from banks and sharing some of the proceeds with the poor - 1934

Longtime News Journal (Wilmington, Delaware) sports editor Jason Levine died Thursday from complications of cystic fibrosis at the age of 46.

Longtime News Journal (Wilmington, Delaware) sports editor Jason Levine died Thursday from complications of cystic fibrosis at the age of 46.: An award winning publication and premier resource for insight, analysis and technology integration in newspaper, digital and hybrid production.

Sunday Afternoon in the Blogosphere

Skid Row Los Angeles should be from a motion picture, but it's reality for many

Young subscribers flock to old media - Politico

5 signs it's time for a website redesign - Printing Impressions

'Why should newspapers not be accountable?' - The Guardian

These tools will help make your audio suitable for social - Poynter

Fall 2017 Publisher Confidence Survey - Cribb, Greene, and Cope

Social media crackdowns at the Times and Journal will backfire - CJR

Publishers are caught in the crossfire of the Facebook-Apple fracas - DigiDay

Mail's Kevin Beatty: 'Our livelihood depends on our content' - Editors Weblog

Thieves Steal Newspaper Delivery Vehicle With Driver's Kids Inside - CBS Chicago

The most dynamic role in a contemporary newspaper organization is circulation - E and P

Saturday, October 21, 2017


La Verne Mayor, Don Kendrick, keeps La Verne informed. As always, thank you Mayor Kendrick! La Verne Proud. The APPLICATION to become Amazon's second headquarters has been turned in. Time will tell.....Mayor Kendrick will keep you informed.

Today in Labor History

October 21  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

Wisconsin dairy farmers begin their third strike of the year in an attempt to raise the price of milk paid to producers during the Great Depression.  Several creameries were bombed before the strike ended a month later. The economy eventually improved, allowing the farmers to make more money - 1933

October 20

Eugene V. Debs, U.S. labor leader and socialist, dies in Elmhurst, Ill. Among his radical ideas: an 8-hour workday, pensions, workman's compensation, sick leave and social security. He ran for president from a jail cell in 1920 and got a million votes - 1926
Hollywood came under scrutiny as the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) opened hearings into alleged Communist influence within the motion picture industry. Dozens of union members were among those blacklisted as a result of HUAC’s activities - 1947
Presidential candidate Ronald Reagan writes to PATCO President Robert Poli with this promise: if the union endorses Reagan, "I will take whatever steps are necessary to provide our air traffic controllers with the most modern equipment available and to adjust staff levels and work days so that they are commensurate with achieving a maximum degree of public safety." He got the endorsement. Nine months after the election, he fires the air traffic controllers for engaging in an illegal walkout over staffing levels and working conditions - 1980
Death of Merle Travis, songwriter and performer who wrote "Sixteen Tons" and "Dark as a Dungeon" – 1983

Two track workers are killed in a (San Francisco) Bay Area Rapid Transit train accident.  Federal investigators said the train was run by a BART employee who was being trained as an operator as members of the Amalgamated Transit Union were participating in what was to be a four-day strike - 2013

Saturday Morning in the Blogosphere

Unsold newspapers, a common sight at most papers

Former KTLA Reporter Jim Nash Dies at 73 - KTLA

LA Times top editor warns staff about union - LAObserved

Takeaways from #IFRAexpo and #dcxexpo - Editors Weblog

Tribune Media deal with Sinclair in FCC’s hands - Robert Feder

Could AI Be the Future of Fake News and Product Reviews? - Scientific American

Journalism’s Broken Business Model Won’t Be Solved by Billionaires - The New Yorker

WNYC engineers brought 300 pounds of radio equipment to a Puerto Rico station - Poynter

LA Weekly is being sold to Semanal Media, a mysterious new company - Los Angeles Times

Law enforcement starts filing charges against newspaper for distributing their product - Post Star

LAT is one of the newspapers testing subscriptions inside Facebook's Instant Articles - Media FB

Thursday, October 19, 2017

S.C. papers sold to Lowcountry

S.C. papers sold to Lowcountry: Aylmer is a Bluffton resident with extensive experience in the newspaper and digital industry.

Today in Labor History

October 19  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

The National Association of Letter Carriers achieves equalization of wages for all letter carriers, meaning city delivery carriers began receiving the same wages regardless of the size of the community in which they worked – 1949

The J.P. Stevens textile company is forced to sign its first union contract after a 17-year struggle in North Carolina and other southern states - 1980

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Chicago Tribune cuts staff

Chicago Tribune cuts staff: Sources said 14 positions were cut, mostly on the editorial side of the Tribune and its Pioneer Press suburban group, Feder reports.

Wednesday Night in the Blogosphere

Bad comic strips - HuffPost

Jeff Jarvis on fake news - Editors Weblog

NNA survey: Newspapers still top choice for local news - The Villager

Robservations: Layoffs cut ‘half a dozen’ jobs at ABC 7 - Robert Feder

Tribune Media shareholders to vote on Sinclair merger - Chicago Tribune

FCC Puts Two-Week Pause on Review of Sinclair-Tribune Merger - Variety

To Stop Newspapers’ Slide, Empower Local Publishers - Editor and Publisher

The Globe and Mail leads Canadian newspapers in readership - The Globe and Mail

New exhibit examines the robust history of daily newspapers in St. Louis - Stl. Public Radio

Redesigned newsrooms focus on smaller spaces, less clutter and, gasp, natural light - Poynter

Raycom, CNHI merge

Raycom, CNHI merge: CNHI owns more than 110 newspapers, websites and niche publications in 22 states. Under the merger agreement, CNHI will operate as a Raycom Media subsidiary.

Today in Labor History

October 18  --  Union Communications Services, Inc.

The "Shoemakers of Boston"—the first labor organization in what would later become the United States—was authorized by the Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1648
New York City agrees to pay women school teachers a rate equal to that of men - 1911
IWW Colorado Mine strike; first time all coal fields are out - 1927
Some 58,000 Chrysler Corp. workers strike for wage increases - 1939
The United Packinghouse Workers of America (UPWA) was formed as a self-governing union, an outgrowth of the CIO's Packinghouse Workers Organizing Committee. UPWA merged with the Meatcutters union in 1968, which merged with the Retail Clerks in 1979 to form the United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) - 1943
GM agrees to hire more women and minorities for five years as part of a settlement with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission - 1983

(Sisters in the Brotherhoods: Working Women Organizing for Equality: Many blue-collar arenas remain contested terrain for females. Women still struggle to get training, to get jobs, and to secure a harassment-free workplace. Despite the efforts of the pioneering generation, females still enter these jobs one by one and two by two and only against great odds do they remain there. These oral histories explore the achievements of the women who made history simply by going to work every day.)